Badminton Court Size & Rules



The diagram above is the official size of a badminton court thanks to

Badminton TossToss

In a badminton game a toss is made before the game starts. The side that wins the toss gets the opportunity to choose whether to serve or receive first and to choose the side of the court they would prefer to start playing from. The remaining choices can be made by the opponent’s side.

Scoring system

• A match is usually the best of 3 games. Each game is played up to 21 points.
• A player scores a point and serves again in case they win a rally.
• In this game, a serve is usually hit below the waist height with the racket pointing downwards. When the side that is serving loses a rally, the next serve is taken by the opponent.
• When a server serves, the shuttlecock should go over the short service line and land in the opponent’s side otherwise it will be counted as a fault.
• In case the scores reach 20-all, the game then continues up to when one side leads by two points such that the results appear as 22-20 or 24-22. The side that leads becomes the winner.
• If the scores are at 29-all, the team that scores the 30th point wins the game.

Change endsInterval and Change of ends

According to the rules of badminton, players are supposed to switch sides after the first game. There is a 2 minute interval that is allowed between the first, second and the third games. Players are given a 60 seconds interval when the leading score reaches 11 points. If the scores for one side reach 11 points in the third game, players are supposed to change ends.

Singles badminton matches

• At the start of a game, the server and the opponent, who is also referred to as the receiver, position themselves in diagonally opposite service courts.
• The server is supposed to stand in the right service court in case his score is even. He is likewise supposed to stand on the left service court in case his score is odd.
• In single matches, the side that scores 21 points first wins the match. In case the score is 20-20, the side that first gains two consecutive points wins the game.
•If the score is 29-29, the team scoring the 30th point wins the match.

Badminton DoublesDoubles badminton matches

• In doubles matches all the games are the best 2 out of 3 or a 30 minutes maximum session.
• The game is scored out of 15 or capped at 20.
• The server starts serving from the right side of the service court. He/she serves to an opponent in the right side of the service area.
• On the doubles court, the player standing in the correct side of the service court is supposed to play and serve back the shuttle.
• Players are supposed to change the service area each time the possession changes. If one side’s scores are even, the player in the right side of the service court is supposed to serve. If the scores are odd the player in the left side is supposed to serve.
• Players are supposed to change ends when starting the second game. If they go up to the third game they also change ends when starting the game, and when one side leads by scoring 11 points.
• When the time is over, the match comes to an end and the score declared as the final score


One side wins a rally in case the opponents commit a fault. One of the most common faults usually committed is when a player fails to pass the shuttlecock over the net to the opponent’s side.

However, there are other ways of committing faults. For instance, a player is faulted if the racket’s head is not pointing downwards during the impact with the shuttlecock or when the shuttlecock is above his waist when serving.

Both the server and the receiver are not supposed to lift their foot before the shuttlecock has been struck.